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The Criminal Code Of The Russian Federation

Adopted by the State Duma on May 24, 1996
Adopted by the Federation Council on June 5, 1996
Federal Law No. 64-FZ of June 13, 1996 on the Enforcement of the Criminal
Code of the Russian Federation

Part II
Section IX
Chapter 24
Crimes Against Public Security
Chapter 25
Crimes Against Human Health and Public Morality
Chapter 26
Ecological Crimes
Chapter 27
Crimes Against Traffic Safety and Operation of Transport Vehicles
Chapter 28
Crimes in the Sphere of Computer Information

Chapter 26. Ecological Crimes

Article 246. Violation of the Rules for Environmental Protection During the Performance of Works


Violation of the rules for environmental protection during the designing, placement, building, commissioning, or operation of industrial, agricultural, scientific, or other facilities by persons responsible for the observance of these rules, if this has involved a substantial change in the radioactive background, the infliction of injury to human health, mass-scale injury to animals, or any other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.

Article 247. Violation of the Rules for Dealing with Environmentally Hazardous Substances and Waste


1. Production of illicit dangerous waste, transportation, storage, dumping, use, or any other circulation of radioactive, bacteriological, or chemical substances or waste, with the violation of fixed rules, if these acts have created a threat of infliction of substantial harm on human health or the environment,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same acts, which have involved the pollution, poisoning, or contamination of the environment, the infliction of harm on human health or mass-scale injury to of animals, and likewise acts committed in a zone of ecological distress or in a zone of ecological emergency,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.
3. Acts provided for by the first or second part of this Article, and entailing by negligence the death of a man or mass disease inflection of people,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to eight years.

Article 248. Violation of Safety Rules in Dealing with Microbiological or Other Biological Agents or Toxins


1. Violation of safety rules in dealing with microbiological or any other biological or agents or toxins, if this has involved the infliction of injury to human health, the spread of epidemics, or any other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.
2. The same act, that has entailed by negligence the death of a person,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to five years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years.

Article 249. Violation of Veterinary Rules and Rules for Control of Epidemics and Plant Pests


1. Violation of veterinary rules which has involved through negligence the spread of epidemics or any other grave consequences
shall be punishable by corrective labour for a term of up to two years, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
2. Violation of the rules for control of epidemics and plant pests, which has involved through negligence grave consequences,
shall be punishable by corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.

Article 250. Pollution of Waters


1. Pollution, clogging, and exhaustion of surface and subterranean waters or sources of drinking water supply, or any other change of their natural properties, if these acts have involved the infliction of substantial harm on the animal or vegetable kingdom, fish reserves, forestry, or agriculture,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 100 to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one to two months, or by disqualification to hold specified offices or engage in specified activities for a term of up to five years, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by arrest for a term of up to three months.
2. The same acts, which have involved the infliction of injury on human health or mass-scale injury to of animals, and likewise acts committed on the territory of a preserve or game reserve, or in a zone of ecological distress, or in a zone of ecological emergency,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by corrective labour for a term of one to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a period of up to three years.
3. Acts provided for by the first or second part of this Article, and entailing by negligence the death of a person,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to five years.

Article 251. Pollution of the Atmosphere


1. Violation of the rules for release of pollutants into the atmosphere, or violation of the operations of installations, structures, and other facilities, if these acts have resulted in pollution or any other change of the natural properties of the air,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 100 to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one to two months, or by disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to five years, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by arrest for a term of up to three months.
2. The same acts, which have involved the infliction through negligence of injury to human life or health,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by corrective labour for a term of one to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
3. Acts provided for in the first or second part of this Article, and entailing by negligence the death of a person,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to five years.

Article 252. Pollution of the Marine Environment


1. Marine pollution from land-based sources or because of an infraction of the rules for dumping from ships or artificial structures built in the sea of substances and materials which are hazardous to human health and marine life resources, and which prevent the legitimate use of the marine environment
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years, or by arrest for a term of up to four months.
2. The same acts, which have caused substantial harm to human health, flora, legally fauna, fish reserves, the environment, zones of recreation or to other law-protected interests,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years, with a fine in the amount of 50 to 150 minimum wages, in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month.
3. Acts provided for by the first or second part of this Article, and entailing by negligence the death of a person,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to five years.

Article 253. Contravention of the Laws of the Russian Federation on the Continental Shelf and on the Exclusive Economic Zone of the Russian Federation


1. Illegal erection of structures on the continental shelf of the Russian Federation, illegal creation of security zones around them or in the exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation, and likewise contravention of the rules for building, operating, protecting, and dismantling erected structures and safety facilities of marine navigation,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by disqualification to hold specified offices to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years.
2. Investigation, exploration, and development of the natural resources of the continental shelf of the Russian Federation or of the exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation, without relevant permits,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 500 to 700 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five to seven months, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.

Article 254. Deterioration of Land


1. Poisoning, polluting, or causing any other deterioration of land through harmful products of economic and any other activity, due to the violation of the rules for dealing with fertilizers, plant growth stimulators, chemical weed-killers, any other dangerous chemical or biological substances during their storage, use, or transportation, which has entailed the infliction of harm to human health or the environment,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years.
2. The same deeds, committed in a zone of ecological distress or in a zone of ecological emergency,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for the same term.
3. Deeds stipulated in the first or second parts of this Article, and entailing by negligence the death of a person,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to five years.

Article 255. Violation of the Rules for the Protection and Use of Subsoil


Violation of the rules for the protection and use of subsoil during the designing, siting, building, commissioning, and operating of mining enterprises or underground structures not related to the extraction of minerals, and likewise unauthorized building on areas of mineral deposits, if these acts have involved the infliction of considerable damage,
Shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years.

Article 256. Illegal Hunting of Aquatic Animals and Harvesting Aquatic Plants


1. Illegal catching of fish, illegal hunting of sea beasts and other aquatic animals, or harvesting of sea plants, if these acts have been committed:
    a) with the infliction of large damage;
    b) with the use of a self-propelled transport craft, explosives, chemicals, electric current, or any other methods of mass extermination of said aquatic animals or plants;
    c) in their spawning places or migration routes;
    d) in the territory of a preserve, game reserve, or in a zone of ecological distress or ecological emergency,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years, or by arrest for a term of four to six months.
2. Illegal hunting of fur-seals, sea beavers, or any other sea mammals on the high seas or in restricted areas,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years, or by arrest for a term of four to six months.
3. Acts stipulated in the first or second parts of this Article, and committed by a person through his official position, or by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or by an organized group,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 500 to 700 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five to seven months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years with disqualification from occuying specified offices or engaging in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.

Article 257. Violation of the Rules for Protecting Fish Reserves


Rafting operations, bridge and dam building, transportation of timber and other forest products from felling areas, blasting, other works, and likewise operation of water intake structures and pumping mechanisms in violation of the rules for protecting fish reserves, if these acts have involved mass destriction of fish or any other aquatic animals, the destruction of feed reserves, or any other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years.

Article 258. Illegal Hunting


1. Illegal hunting, if this deed has been committed:
    a) with infliction of large-scale damage;
    b) with the use of a mechanical transport vehicle or an aircraft, explosives, gases, or any other methods of mass-scale extermination of birds and beasts;
    c) in respect of birds and beasts, the shooting of which is fully prohibited;
    d) in the territory of a preserve, game reserve, or in a zone of ecological distress or ecological emergency,
shall be punishable by fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years, or by arrest for a term of four to six months.
2. The same deed, committed by a person through his official position or by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or by an organized group,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 500 to 700 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five to seven months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years, with disqualification to occupy specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.

Article 259. Destruction of Critical Habitats for the Organisms Entered in the Red Book of the Russian Federation


Destruction of critical habitats for the organisms entered in the Red Book of the Russian Federation, which has involved the ruin of the populations of these organisms,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for the same term.

Article 260. Illegal Felling of Trees and Shrubs


1. Illegal felling of, and also damage to, trees, shrubs, and lianas to the point of the cessation of their growth in forests of the first group or in specially protected areas of forests of all groups, and also illegal felling of trees, shrubs, and lianas located outside forests or banned for felling, if these acts have been committed on a large scale,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 50 to 100 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or by disqualification to hold specified offices or the engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or by corrective labour for a term of up to three months.
2. Illegal felling of, and also damage to, trees, shrubs, and lianas to the point of the cessation of their growth in forests of all groups, and also of and to plantations not forming part of the forest stock, if these deeds have been committed:
    a) by a group of persons;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) by a person with the use of this official position;
    d) on a large scale, -
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by compulsory works for a term of 180 to 240 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of one to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of three years, or without such disqualification.
3. Deeds stipulated by parts one and two of this Article committed on an especially large scale, by a group of persons in preliminary agreement or by an organised group, -
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 500 to 1000 minimum wages or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five months to one year, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.
Note. In this Article damage inflicted to the forest stock and to forests not forming part of the forest stock and calculated by the rates approved by the Government of the Russian Federation shall be deemed to be one of a sizable scale if it exceeds by 20 times the minimum wage established by the legislation of the Russian Federation as on the moment of the commission of the crime, while damage of a large scale - by 200 times, and damage of especially large scale - by 500 times.

Article 261. Extermination or Damage of Forests


1. Extermination or damage of forests, and also of plantations located outside forests, as a result of careless handling of fire or any other sources of increased danger,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up two years.
2. Extermination or damage of forests, and also of plantations located outside forests, by means of arson or any other dangerous method, or as a result of pollution with harmful substances, waste, releases, or garbage,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to eight years.

Article 262. Violation of the Regime Regarding Specially Protected Natural Territories and Natural Facilities


Violation of the regime for preserves, game reserves, national parks, natural monuments, and other natural territories specially protected by the State, which has involved the infliction of considerable damage,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 100 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one to five months, or by disqualification to hold specified offices to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years.

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