The Criminal Code Of The Russian Federation

Adopted by the State Duma on May 24, 1996
Adopted by the Federation Council on June 5, 1996
Federal Law No. 64-FZ of June 13, 1996 on the Enforcement of the Criminal
Code of the Russian Federation

Part II
Section XI
Chapter 33
Crimes Against Military Service

Chapter 33. Crimes Against Military Service

Article 331. Concept of Crimes Against Military Service


1. Crimes against the established order of military service, covered by the present chapter and committed by servicemen who have been drafted or enlisted under a contract in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in troops and military formations of the Russian Federation, and also by reservists during training assemblies, shall be deemed to be crimes against military service.
2. In keeping with the Articles of this Chapter, criminal responsibility shall be borne by military engineers who have been enrolled in military-construction squads (units) of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, other ministries, and government departments of the Russian Federation.
3. Criminal responsibility for crimes against military service, committed in wartime or in a military situation, shall be determined by the wartime laws of the Russian Federation.

Article 332. Failure to Execute an Order


1. Failure to execute a superior's lawful order by a subordinate, if it has caused substantial harm to the interests of military service,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to two years or by arrest, for a term of six months, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years.
2. The same deed, committed by a group of persons, a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or by an organized group, and also entailing severe consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.
3. Failure to execute an order, due to a careless or dishonest attitude to military service, if it has involved serious consequences,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to one year, or by arrest for a term of three to six months, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years.

Article 333. Resistance to a Superior or Compulsion of Another to Violate His Duties of Military Service


1. Resistance to a superior, and also to another person who discharges the duties of military service, or compulsion of him to violate these duties, attended by violence or by threats to use it,
shall be punishable by restraint in military service for a term of up to two years, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.
2. The same deeds committed:
    a) by a group of persons, a group in a preliminary conspiracy, or by an organized group;
    b) with the use of arms;
    c) with the infliction of grave injury or injury of average gravity to human health, or of other serious consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to eight years.

Article 334. Violent Actions Against a Superior


1. Beating of, or any other violence against a superior, committed during the discharge of the superior's duties of military service, or in connection with the execution of these duties,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to two years, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.
2. The same deeds committed:
    a) by a group of persons, a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or by an organized group;
    b) with the use of weapons;
    c) with the infliction of grave injury or injury of average gravity, or other serious consequences
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to eight years.

Article 335. Violation of Regulations for Mutual Relations Between Servicemen, in the Absence of Subordinating Relations Among Them


1. Violation of regulations for mutual relations between servicemen, in the absence of subordinating relations among them, which is associated with debasement of human honour and dignity, or with mockery over the victim, or which is attended by violence,
shall be punishable by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
2. The same deeds committed:
    a) repeatedly;
    b) in respect of two or more persons;
    c) by a group of persons, a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or by an organized group;
    d) with the use of weapons;
    c) with the infliction of an injury of average gravity to human health,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to
five years.
3. Deeds provided for in the first or second parts of this Article, and entailing serious consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to ten years.

Article 336. Insult of a Serviceman


1. Insult by one serviceman of another serviceman during the discharge of their duties of military service, or in connection with the discharge of these duties,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to six months, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for the same term.
2. Insult by a subordinate of his superior, and also insult by a superior of his subordinate during the discharge of their duties of military service, and in connection with the discharge of these duties,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to one year, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for the same term.

Article 337. Unauthorized Abandonment of a Military Unit or a Place of Military Service


1. Unauthorized abandonment of a military unit or a place of military service, and likewise failure to appear for service without valid reasons in case of discharge from a unit, appointment, or transfer, and also in case of absence for a business trip, annual leave, or from a medical establishment for a term of more than two days, and not more than ten days, if this deed has been committed by a serviceman undergoing military service after being drafted,
shall be punishable by arrest for a term of up to six months, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to one year.
2. The same deeds committed by a serviceman who is serving punishment in a disciplinary military unit,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
3. Unauthorized abandonment of a military unit or a place of military service, and likewise failure to appear for service on the due date without valid reasons for more than ten days, but not for more than one month, if this deed has been committed by a serviceman undergoing military service after being drafted, or under contract,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to two years, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
4. Deeds stipulated in the third part of this Article, and having a duration of over one month,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.
Note: A servicemen who has committed deeds stipulated in this Article may relieved from criminal responsibility, if unauthorized abandonment of his military unit has been necessitated by exceptional circumstances.

Article 338. Desertion


1. Desertion, that is, the unauthorized abandonment of a military unit or a place of military service for the purpose of evading military service, and likewise failure to appear for service for the same purposes,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to seven years.
2. Desertion with arms entrusted in the military service, and likewise desertion committed by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or by an organized group,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to ten years.
Note: A serviceman who has for the first time committed desertion, as stipulated by the first part of this Article, may be released from criminal responsibility, if desertion has been necessitated by exceptional circumstances.

Article 339. Evasion of Military Service Duties by Pretending to Be Ill, or by Any Other Method


1. Evasion by a serviceman of his military service duties, by pretending to be ill or by inflicting injury on himself (maiming himself), or by forging documents, or by some other fraud,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to one year, or by arrest for a term of up to six months, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to one year.
2. The same act, committed for the purpose of obtaining a full release from the discharge of military service duties,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to seven years.

Article 340. Violation of the Rules for Conducting Oneself on Combat Duty in Military Service


1. Violation of the rules for conducting oneself on combat duty in military service, for revealing in time and repelling a surprise attack against the Russian Federation, or for safeguarding its security, if this deed has involved or might have involved the infliction of harm to the interests of state security,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to two years, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.
2. The same deed, which has involved serious consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to ten years.
3. Violation of the rules for conducting oneself on combat duty in military service due to a careless or dishonest attitude to these rules, if this has involved serious consequences,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to two years, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.

Article 341. Violation of the Rules for Bearing Frontier Service


1. Violation of the rules for bearing frontier service, by a person who is a member a frontier detail or who discharges other duties of frontier service, if this deed has involved or might have involved the infliction of harm to the interest of state security,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to two years, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
2. The same act, which has involved serious consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.
3. Violation of the rules for bearing frontier service, due to a careless or dishonest attitude to these rules, which has involved serious consequences,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to two years, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.

Article 342. Violation of Regulations for Guard Duty


1. Violation of regulations for guard duty, by a person who is a member of a guard (watch), if this deed has involved the infliction of harm to the facilities protected by the guard,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to two years, or by arrest for a term of up to six months, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same deed, which has involved serious consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
3. Violation of regulations for guard duty, due to a careless or dishonest attitude to these rules, if this has involved serious consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to one year.

Article 343. Violation of the Rules for the Service of Protecting Public Order and Safeguarding Public Security


1. Violation of the rules of service by a person who is a member of a military detail protecting public order and safeguarding public security, if this deed has inflicted harm to the rights and lawful interests of individuals,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to two years, or by arrest for a term of up to six months, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same deed, which has involved serious consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of a liberty for a term of two to five years.

Article 344. Violation of the Internal Service and Patrolling Regulations in a Garrison


Violation of the internal service regulations by a person who is a member of the day detail of a unit (except for a guard or watch), and likewise violation of the patrolling regulations in a garrison by a person who is a member of a patrol detail, if these deeds have involved serious consequences,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to two years, or by arrest for a term of up to six months, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years.

Article 345. Abandonment of a Sinking Warship


Abandonment of a sinking warship by its captain, who has not fulfilled his official duties to the end, and also by a person from the crew of the warship without a proper order from the captain,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to two years, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.

Article 346. Wilful Destruction or Damage of Military Equipment


1. Wilful destruction or damage of weapons, ammunition, or military hardware, if this has involved serious consequences,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of up to 500 minimum wages, or in amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to five months, or by restriction in military service for a term of up to two years, or by arrest for a term of up to six months, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same acts, which have involved grave consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.

Article 347. Destruction or Damage of Military Equipment by Negligence


Destruction or damage of weapons, ammunition, or objects of war material, by negligence, that has entailed grave consequences,
shall be punishable by a fine of up to five hundred minimum wages or of the wages or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to five months, or by restriction in military service for a period of up to two years, or by arrest for a period of up to six months, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a period of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a period of up to two years.

Article 348. Loss of Military Equipment


Violation of the rules for preserving weapons, ammunition, and hardware entrusted for official use, if this has involved through negligence their loss,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 100 to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one to two months, or by restriction in military service for a term of up to two years, or by arrest for a term of up to six months, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.

Article 349. Violation of the Rules for Handling Arms and Hazardous Materials


1. Violation of the rules for handing arms, ammunition, radioactive materials, explosives, or other substances and objects of increased hazard, if this has involved by negligence the infliction of grave injury or injury of average gravity to human health, the destruction of military hardware, or any other serious consequences,
shall be punishable by restriction in military service for a term of up to two years, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years.
2. The same act, which has involved by negligence the death of a person,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.
3. An act envisaged by the first part of this Article, and entailing by negligence the death of two or more persons,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to ten years.

Article 350. Violation of the Rules for Driving or Operating Cars or Lorries


1. Violation of the rules for driving or operating a combat, special, or honor transport vehicle, which has involved by negligence the infliction of grave injury or injury of average gravity to human health,
shall be punishable by arrest for a term of four to six months, or by custody in a disciplinary military unit for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.
2. The same deed, which has involved by negligence the death of a person,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to five years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.
3. The deed provide for in the first part of this Article, and entailering by negligence the death of two or more persons,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of four to ten years.

Article 351. Violation of the Rules for Flights and Training for Them


Violation of the rules for flights and training for them, or of any other rules of operating military aircraft, which has involved by negligence the death of a person, or any other serious consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to ten years.

Article 352. Violation of the Rules of Navigation


Violation of the rules for navigation or operation of warships, which has involved by negligence the death of a person, or any other serious consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to ten years.

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